Dear friends and colleagues,

We are sharing with you the statement of the Asia Pacific Forum on Women, Law and Development (APWLD) on the unsubstantiated charges against Atty. Katherine Panguban, a lawyer of the National Union of Peoples’ Lawyers (NUPL). Atty. Panguban is among the legal counsel of the relatives of the victims of the Sagay 9 massacre in Sagay City, Negros Occidental. Her involvement and commitment to bring justice to the victims and their relatives have made her a target of threat and harassment perpetrated by state security forces.

We ask you to widely share the statement and stand in solidarity with Atty. Panguban, along with other human rights defenders who continue to advocate for the promotion and protection of people’s rights amid a repressive regime.

Karapatan Public Information Desk

Statement: APWLD Condemns Unsubstantiated Charges against NUPL Attorney Katherine Panguban

13 November 2018
Chiang Mai, Thailand

The Asia Pacific Forum on Women, Law and Development (APWLD) condemns the Philippines state security forces for filing unsubstantiated criminal charges against human rights lawyer Attorney Katherine Panguban, in the wake of the 20 October killing of nine farmers in Sagay City, Negros Occidental Province, widely referred to as the ‘Sagay 9 massacre’. APWLD also condemns the 6 November extrajudicial killing of Attorney Benjamin Ramos, another human rights lawyer who worked with the farmers.

Benjamin Ramos is a founding member of the National Union of Peoples’ Lawyers (NUPL), while Katherine Panguban heads NUPL’s Women and Children Committee. The attacks on both are symptomatic of an environment of impunity for human rights violations that the current Philippines government is well-known for. APWLD demands that the politically motivated charges against Ms. Panguban to be dropped immediately and for the murders of Benjamin Ramos and the nine farmers to be independently investigated.


On October 25, 2018, Katherine Panguban, representing the NUPL, assisted Flordeliza Cabahug, the biological mother of Lester, a 14-year-old witness in the Sagay 9 massacre. Ms Panguban was assisting Flordeliza in recovering custody of her son, Lester, from the police and the City Social Welfare and Development (CSWD) of Sagay.

Given the choice between his parents for custody, Lester chose his mother over his estranged father, and was released accordingly. Lester’s custody release to his mother was officially documented and made in the presence of the following: (1) Flordeliza Cabahug, Lester’s mother, (2) Vic Pedaso, Lester’s father who also sought custody of him, (3) Ms Consolacion Espinosa, Head of CSWD Sagay, and (4) Katherine Panguban, Flordeliza Cabuhag’s legal counsel. Prior to release and while in the custody of the police, Lester was made to sign a document, the content of which was unknown at the time, as a copy was withheld from Katherine Panguban and Lester’s mother.

Photo: NUPL lawyer Katherine Panguban during the indignation rally against the killing of Atty. Benjamin Ramos. The military filed kidnapping charges against Panguban. Photo credit: Carlo Manalansan/Bulatlat

On November 1, 2018, Ms. Panguban learned that a criminal complaint for kidnapping and serious illegal detention was filed against her by Lester’s estranged biological father, who is widely believed to be in the control of the police and military. This criminal complaint materialised despite the fact that Lester’s custody release was:

Upon the instance of his mother and his recognised grandparents who sought assistance from NUPL and human rights organisation KARAPATAN;
With Lester’s manifested choice to be with his mother over his estranged father;
Officially done in the presence of the Head of CSWD Sagay;
Properly documented; one that was acknowledged and signed by Lester’s parents, among others; and
The presence and participation of Katherine Panguban as legal counsel was with the consent of his mother who had signed agreements with NUPL and KARAPATAN. These handwritten agreements were later acknowledged by the mother before a Notary Public in Metro Manila

Ms. Panguban in the course of her work as human rights lawyer with NUPL assists in several high-profile human rights cases in the Philippines, including Sister Patricia Fox’s deportation case, the murder of Lumad student Obello Bay-ao, the Lake Sebu massacre, and appeal against the death penalty for human trafficking victim Mary Jane Veloso. She has shared her work experience in several APWLD activities including a consultation on Feminist Strategic Litigation held in December 2017.

APWLD’s Regional Coordinator, Misun Woo, stated: “The filing of a kidnapping and serious illegal detention complaint against a human rights lawyer doing her work in supporting people facing human rights violations is evidence of the judicial harassment faced by human rights defenders in the Philippines, under a government that is vehemently anti-human rights. As a feminist organisation founded by women lawyers like Katherine Panguban, APWLD stands in solidarity with her and our sisters in the Philippines as they continue to stand up for human rights under a misogynist and fascist government.”

APWLD therefore calls on the Duterte government to:

Immediately withdraw the unfounded criminal charges filed against Katherine Panguban;
Stop the criminalisation of the work of activists, human rights defenders, and political dissenters through the practice of filing trumped-up criminal charges against them;
Effectively address and immediately prosecute and punish human rights violations by agents of the State and non-state actors, including in the extrajudicial killings of the ‘Sagay 9’ and Attorney Benjamin Ramos;
Adhere to and respect the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, UN Declaration on Human Rights Defenders, and all major Human Rights instruments that the Philippines is a party and signatory to.

For more information contact:

APWLD Urgent Response Team, Marion Cabrera; +66 913 019 843 (Thailand)

You may also view the statement through this link:


Alliance for the Advancement of People’s Rights
2nd Flr. Erythrina Bldg., #1 Maaralin corner Matatag Sts., Central District
Diliman, Quezon City, PHILIPPINES 1101
Telefax: (+63 2) 4354146

KARAPATAN is an alliance of human rights organizations and programs, human rights desks and committees of people’s organizations, and individual advocates committed to the defense and promotion of people’s rights and civil liberties. It monitors and documents cases of human rights violations, assists and defends victims and conducts education, training and campaigns.